Shrimad Bhagavad Gita As It Is-Shri Shrimad A.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
Observing the Armies on the Battlefield of Kuruksetra
Chapter 1: Verse-2
Sanjaya said: O King, after looking over the army arranged in military formation by the sons of Pandu, King Duryodhanah went to his teacher and spoke the following words.
Dhrtarastrah was blind from birth. Unfortunately, he was also bereft of spiritual vision. He knew very well that his sons were equally blind in the matter of religion, and he was sure that they could never reach an understanding with the Pandavas, who were all pious since birth. Still he was doubtful about the influence of the place of pilgrimage, and Sanjaya could understand his motive in asking about the situation on the battlefield. Sanjaya wanted, therefore, to encourage the despondent king and thus assured him that his sons were not going to make any sort of compromise under the influence of the holy place. Sanjaya therefore informed the king that his son, Duryodhanah, after seeing the military force of the Pandavas, at once went to the commander in chief, Droëäcärya, to inform him of the real position. Although Duryodhanah is mentioned as the king, he still had to go to the commander on account of the seriousness of the situation. He was therefore quite fit to be a politician. But Duryodhanah’s diplomatic veneer could not disguise the fear he felt when he saw the military arrangement of the Pandavas.
- sanjayah uväca=Sanjaya said; drstva=after seeing; tu=but; pandava-anikam=the soldiers of the Pandavas; vyudham=arranged in a military phalanx; Duryodhanahh=King Duryodhanah; tadä=at that time; äcäryam=the teacher; upasangamya=approaching; räjä=the king; vacanam=words; abravvit=spoke.