Bhagavad Gita -Srila Prabhupada 212

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita As It Is -Shri Shrimad A.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada

Transcendental Knowledge
Chapter 4: Verse-27

präna-karmäni cäpare
juhvati jnäna-dipite[1]


Others, who are interested in achieving self-realization through control of the mind and senses, offer the functions of all the senses, and of the life breath, as oblations into the fire of the controlled mind.


The yoga system conceived by Patanjali is referred to herein. In the Yoga-sütra of Patanjali, the soul is called pratyag-ätmä and paräg-ätmä. As long as the soul is attached to sense enjoyment it is called paräg-ätmä, but as soon as the same soul becomes detached from such sense enjoyment it is called pratyag-ätmä. The soul is subjected to the functions of ten kinds of air at work within the body, and this is perceived through the breathing system. The Patanjali system of yoga instructs one on how to control the functions of the body’s air in a technical manner so that ultimately all the functions of the air within become favorable for purifying the soul of material attachment. According to this yoga system, pratyag-ätmä is the ultimate goal. This pratyag-ätmä is withdrawn from activities in matter. The senses interact with the sense objects, like the ear for hearing, eyes for seeing, nose for smelling, tongue for tasting, hand for touching, and all of them are thus engaged in activities outside the self. They are called the functions of the präna-väyu. The apäna-väyu goes downwards, vyäna-väyu acts to shrink and expand, samäna-väyu adjusts equilibrium, udäna-väyu goes upwards—and when one is enlightened, one engages all these in searching for self-realization.



  1. sarväni=of all; indriya=the senses;karmani=functions; präna-karmäni=functions of the life breath; ca=also; apare=others; ätma-samyama=of controlling the mind; yoga=the linking process; agnau=in the fire of; juhvati=offer; jnäna-dipite=because of the urge for

Related Articles