Bhagavad Gita -Srila Prabhupada 18

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita As It Is -Shri Shrimad A.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada

Observing the Armies on the Battlefield of Kuruksetra
Chapter 1: Verse-24

sanjaya uväca
evam ukto hrsikeso
gudakesena bhärata
senayor ubhayor madhye
sthäpayitvä rathottamam[1]


Sanjaya said: O descendant of Bharata, having thus been addressed by Arjuna, Lordkrsnadrew up the fine chariot in the midst of the armies of both parties.


In this verse Arjuna is referred to as Gudakesa.Gudaka means sleep, and one who conquers sleep is called Gudakesa. Sleep also means ignorance. So Arjuna conquered both sleep and ignorance because of his friendship with Krsna. As a great devotee of Krsna, he could not forgetkrsnaeven for a moment, because that is the nature of a devotee. Either in waking or in sleep, a devotee of the Lord can never be free from thinking of Krsna’s name, form, qualities and pastimes. Thus a devotee of krsnacan conquer both sleep and ignorance simply by thinking of krsna constantly. This is called krsna consciousness, or samädhi. As Hrsikesa, or the director of the senses and mind of every living entity,krsna could understand Arjuna’s purpose in placing the chariot in the midst of the armies. Thus He did so, and spoke as follows.



  1. sanjayah uväca=Sanjaya said; evam=thus; uktaù=addressed; Hrsikesah=Lord Krsna; gudakesena=by Arjuna; bhärata=O descendant of Bharata; senayoh=of the armies; ubhayoh=both; madhye=in the midst; sthäpayitvä=placing; ratha-uttamam=the finest chariot.

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