Shrimad Bhagavad Gita As It Is -Shri Shrimad A.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
Chapter 4: Verse-1
The Personality of Godhead, Lord Krsna, said: I instructed this imperishable science of yoga to the sun-god, Vivasvän, and Vivasvän instructed it to Manu, the father of mankind, and Manu in turn instructed it to Iksväku.
Herein we find the history of the Bhagavad-gita traced from a remote time when it was delivered to the royal order of all planets, beginning from the sun planet. The kings of all planets are especially meant for the protection of the inhabitants, and therefore the royal order should understand the science of Bhagavad-gita in order to be able to rule the citizens and protect them from material bondage to lust. Human life is meant for cultivation of spiritual knowledge, in eternal relationship with the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and the executive heads of all states and all planets are obliged to impart this lesson to the citizens by education, culture and devotion. In other words, the executive heads of all states are intended to spread the science of krsna consciousness so that the people may take advantage of this great science and pursue a successful path, utilizing the opportunity of the human form of life.
- sri-bhagavän uväca=the Supreme Personality of Godhead said; imam=this; vivasvate=unto the sun-god; yogam=the science of one’s relationship to the Supreme; proktavän=instructed; aham=I; avyayam=imperishable; vivasvän=Vivasvän (the sun-god’s name); manave=unto the father of mankind (of the name Vaivasvata); präha=told; manuh=the father of mankind; iksvakave=unto King Iksväku; abravvit=said.