Bhagavad Gita -Madhvacharya 257

Bhagavad Gita -Sri Madhvacharya

(Bhashya and Tatparya Nirnaya)


Chapter 11
Vishvarupadarshana Yoga

Even though Hari is singular eternal and inconceivable, He comes to perceived in many distinct forms. Even where there is absence of separation they becomes evidence of special activity is common usage with special attributes. Even though forms appear distinctly special, He Himself is the ultimate controller, His essence being especially one, though in some cases it appears divided in the various manifest multi-forms. The manifest multi-forms should be considered as identical and eternal similar to the essence within the different forms. Through experience the essence in every manifest multi-forms comes to be known. It may be known through speech, through marks, or through reasoning. The essence within the distinct forms does not become distinct or separate from the essence. If the form of the essence is considered to be separate from the essence, then the essence will not remain as such. If the form of essence is not knowable then the essence also will not be knowable. The essence, if it is not knowable, then it may as well be said to be non-existent.
Even though there is no contradiction in the statement that the essence and the form are distinct and different, the knowledge of the form will not1ead to the knowledge of nature of the essence itself. While the one is knowable from its form, the knowledge of the essence is known only from different mediums. Even though there is difference in the mediums this by itself does not constitute any drawback. The thing knowable from one medium can also be knowable from other methods. This does not result in the possibility of any error in knowledge. One is not distinct from the other because of their special activities or special enjoyments. The one who experiences no separation from the Lord does not feel himself to be different on that account.