Bhagavad Gita -Madhvacharya 191

Bhagavad Gita -Sri Madhvacharya

(Bhashya and Tatparya Nirnaya)


Chapter 7
Jnyaana vijnyaana Yoga

Tatparya Nirnaya :- Dwelling in water as the essence, he (the Lord) is known as the essence thereof. Dwelling in Sun and Moon as light, He is known as the Illumination. Dwelling in Vedas as the very Self, He is praised as pranava. Dwelling in Space as the sound, Keshava is known as the Word. Being devoid of desire and attachments He is eternally endowed with strength. Since He does not use it in wrong places, His strength is non-passionate. Since He grants strength similar to His, He is strength of the powerful ones. Since ba symbolizes strength and la bliss, He is bala, strength itself. Primarily, sensual desires cause decrease in righteousness but do not cause any harm if attuned to Dharma. Sri Vishnu abides in all desires which are not contrary to Dharma. Therefore, Sri Vishnu even when abiding in everything, yet remains distinct from them all and as the Lord of all of them. 12. Whatever exists as the luminous (satvic), the enterprising (raajasic) or obscure (taamasic), know them all to have arisen from Me alone. (But) I am not in them; they are in Me.
Bhashya :- I am not in them thus Sri Krishna says, being not dependent on them. All the world is dependent on Him; He is not dependent on anyone else, thus Gita-Kalpa.
Tatparya Nirnaya :- All these attributes -satva, raja, tama - are all born from Him alone; but not He from them. He is not dependent on anyone else.