Bhagavad Gita -Madhvacharya 186

Bhagavad Gita -Sri Madhvacharya

(Bhashya and Tatparya Nirnaya)


Chapter 7
Jnyaana vijnyaana Yoga

Tatparya Nirnaya :- means that He alone is the Supreme, none other. Considering anything else independent of Him is futile. On account of external association with sorrow, Jiva assumes a distinct identity. Being ever free from sorrow Sri Devi is known as the supreme. Even though associated with little sorrow but not being affected thereby, Vayu is the intermediate- मध्यम्, not being subservient to anyone and being Independent no one is happy like him or more than him. Sri Vishnu is known as the Most Supreme One. Since there are none between these two, He is not merely the superior but also the Supreme One. Because of the relationship (of sufferings) Jiva is considered inferior. Therefore all the gross are considered inferior without any doubts. Even they are inferior who are inimical to the Lord. Having no relationship with the Consciousness, they are ever associated with sorrows.
Therefore those who realize Supreme Sri Vishnu are alone delivered. The delivered ones always enjoying happiness are the superior ones. Even then they are inferior to Brahma and others according to their gradation तारतम्य. Those who are associated with Sri Vishnu more than with any others are liberated by such Knowledge - ज्ञान. By such awareness, supra- sensory illumination comes to them known as Wisdom - विज्ञान. The Knowledge - ज्ञान and suprasensory Wisdom or awareness - विज्ञान becomes manifest according to gradation - तारतम्य. The Primal source of illumination is Sri Vishnu and all the rest (Brahma, Rudra, Vayu etc.) are relatively illumined by the Supreme.