Karma Sanyaasa Yoga
4 - 5. The simple ones and not the wise ones speak of renunciation (of action) and performance of action as distinct. Even if one conforms either of these, he gains the advantages of the both. The status which one attains from renunciation (of action) is attained even from performance of action. He who perceives the renunciation and performance of action as same, really perceives.
Bhashya :- Renunciation is required for acquisition of Wisdom; not for him is receptivity of Truth, thus in Bhagavat Puraana. How can, then, renunciation be inferior to performance of action ! Both are essentially not contradictory. One who is deluded by the fire-sacrifice and the smoke arising therefrom does not recognize Lord‟s Abode. Father, we do not accept the path filled with smoke, sitting in the sacrificial hall”, (says Sati to her father Daksha Prajaapati). These statements refer only to the desire filled performance of actions. Those who speak otherwise are naive.
Both are same, thus it is clarified in this verse. Only the performers of action through wisdom attain the fruits of wisdom. Therefore, even men of wisdom should perform actions. Similarly the householders given to performance of actions should acquire wisdom about the Resplendent Lord.