Bhagavad Gita -Madhvacharya 147

Bhagavad Gita -Sri Madhvacharya

(Bhashya and Tatparya Nirnaya)


Chapter 5
Karma Sanyaasa Yoga

2. The Resplendent Lord said: Both renunciation of action as well as performance of action are without doubt propitious. But of the two, renunciation or the action is superior to the performance or action.
Bhashya :- Renunciation of action is not same as the acceptance of asceticism. Because of the statement by renunciation of the dualities (of likes-dislikes, good-bad, properpleasant etc.) sanyaas becomes superior as adoration to the Lord. By these as well as by acceptance of austerities etc. renunciation should be adopted. Even though the state of renunciation appears superior because of absence of actions, ascetics also have actions prescribed for their order. Therefore there is no other righteousness (Qama-) in the world superior to renunciation of actions. One who is also devoted to the supreme Lord, in addition, reaches farther than a righteous householder. Lord‟s status speaks of devotion as well as disinterestedness. If such qualification is acquired, then even a Brahmachari can become a Wandering ascetic, thus in Narada Puraana. In ascetic accomplishment is assuredly great love for the god and direct spiritual rewards of actions. Thus, here the state of renunciation alone has been spoken.
Tatparya Nirnaya :- One is benefitted by both, but between the two performance of action is preferable, thus he says.