Bhagavad Gita -Madhvacharya 119

Bhagavad Gita -Sri Madhvacharya

(Bhashya and Tatparya Nirnaya)


Chapter 3
Karma Yoga

36. Arjuna said: By which others provoked, is the person here impelled to perform demerits, even against his will and as if by force, O Krishna ?
Bhashya :- There exist many reasons for such action. Anger etc. and also the desire. Among them which is more powerful, thus being enquired (by Arjuna), the same are being mentioned here in this verse. Here Aqa is to be understood as which others ? so that one may not come under their sway‟. Therefore this is the question.
37. The Resplendent Lord said: It is desire, it is anger, born out of passion; know these to be the all devouring and most demoralizing enemies.
Bhashya :- That which provokes strongly is desire and anger. From desire arises anger‟ thus has been said. Due to the respect which one has it is desire that provokes anger when one's teacher is insulted. Those who speak otherwise, they do not realize the subtle difference between the two. Therefore it is said- Without Desire, how would anger come to be? Indeed, it would not. Since there are many causes for anger, it is called महाशन: - all devouring. Since it becomes cause for even great demerits like killing Brahmins, a wise one, it is called महापाप्मा. Since it is opposed to all human goals, it is बैरी, adversary.