Bhagavad Gita -Madhvacharya 111

Bhagavad Gita -Sri Madhvacharya

(Bhashya and Tatparya Nirnaya)


Chapter 3
Karma Yoga

20- 21 – 22 – 23 – 24 - 25 - 26.. It was by performance of actions, verily, did Janaka and the others attained supreme state. For the maintenance of the World Order, verily, you are required to perform of your actions. In whatever way the great ones act, in similar way the rest of the people act. Whatever standards he lays, the same are followed by the rest of the people. There exist no actions for Me, O Arjuna to be performed in all these three worlds; nor anything to be gained which I do not possess. Yet I engage Myself in performance of actions. In case I do not perform My actions due to indifference, O Arjuna, then people will in all respects follow My instance. These worlds wilI fall in ruin if I do not perform My actions; I will be the cause for confusion and destruction of these people. Even as the one who is not wise performs actions with attachment to them, even so one who is wise should perform actions, O Arjuna, without attachment for maintenance of the world order. Let him (the wise one) not create confusion in the minds of those who are not wise, being attached to actions. But the wise one unified in his performance, should set other engaged in their actions.
Bhashya :- Even examples of precedents do exist, thus he says in this verse. कर्मणा means together with performance of actions. Or it can mean by performing actions and thereby gaining wisdom. Not that (by performance alone) without having wisdom. They (Janaka and others) have been famous in Bharata as men of Wisdom. "They alone are the Wise" has been comparable statement in scriptures. Here also the performance of action together with wisdom is spoken, "Be well-established in Intelligence". There could be no other meaning for the statement naanya pnqaa: - there is no other path etc. Even in other instances, there exists no disagreement for the Path of Wisdom.