Bhagavad Gita -Sri Madhvacharya
(Bhashya and Tatparya Nirnaya)
Tatparya Nirnaya :- For giving birth to vegetation etc. the clouds are known as pja nya:. The actions come to be due to sacrifices and all actions flow from and towards Keshava. Even though He is eternal, He comes to be known through the अक्षर (Vedas). The speech comes to be caused by the creatures; the creatures from food and the food from the clouds. From it the all-comprehending Sri Vishnu comes to be established in sacrifices. Whoever does not maintain this cycle which has thus been set in motion, he indeed, becomes evil and goes to eternal perdition having destroyed the worlds. For ascetics, the sacrifice through mentally spoken speech is suitable. For the forest-dweller, austerities are the sacrifices; while for the householders the performance of all the recommended actions. For those who aspire wisdom of the Brahman, celibacy, reflection, service to the Teacher and such other actions are the proper sacrifices. Fearlessness, charity and study of the Self are the accepted means for all. For householders, charity of wealth and for the forest-dwellers charity of food (is recommended). All these actions should be intensely austere and are for all, thus in Narada Puraana. The words Brahman (the foundation f all manifest forms) and akshara (the Vedas which reveals) are distinct or else the statement „from it the all-comprehending Brahman‟ becomes contradictory and his place in the cyclical sacrifices becomes uncertain.