Bhagavad Gita -Madhvacharya 105

Bhagavad Gita -Sri Madhvacharya

(Bhashya and Tatparya Nirnaya)


Chapter 3
Karma Yoga

Actions are born of Brahman. "Verily, from Him are the noble actions come to be performed". Similarly, 'intelligence, wisdom'. When primary meaning is possible, it is not proper to accept secondary meaning as is often done traditionally. Because the gross things cannot manifest by themselves. 'By Him or by the Imperishable' are (therefore) the normal words used in the scriptures. 'The elements, the actions, and the Time' etc., thus inconceivable power is indicated here. Since the Jivas are but the reflections (pratibimba), all actions, verily, flow from the Bimba (Lord). 'not the predicated actions' such statement is made for the sake of denial (to the Jivas).
अक्षराणि (immutable Vedas) are those which are well known. From them, the Supreme Brahman came to be revealed. How would Brahman who, though complete in Himself and is without beginning or end and inconceivable, would otherwise have been known? Therefore, it is not proper to accept meaning by inference without discarding the generality of meaning. Therefore, understanding the statement 'all-comprehending Brahman' (is the correct meaning). Because, when in a statement the same word is used twice then there is no justification for applying two separate meanings for the same word. There is also no reason to understand the same word in different senses. The words अक्षराणि, being eternal, statements are made in Shruti, Smriti and Gita, like „Recite, O Virupa, the eternal (words): Without beginning or end is the speech uttered by the self-evolved (Lord)‟. „Because He is eternal, these (Vedas) are also eternal.‟ If any one considers Vedas to have been created, then the flaw in such arguments has bee. referred earlier. Since it could not have been created without prior knowledge. There also being no evidence to that effect, because of the word „exhaling‟, used indicates that it is (spontaneous) without any efforts. Not with prior conscious effort is, therefore, the inference.